Dark Ages Kings

Introduction of Anandadeva

King Anandadeva was the famous King of Nepal from 1147 A.D. to 1167 A.D. during the Dark Ages of Nepal. He is famous for building the Tripura Palace in Bhaktapur. He ruled Nepal for 20 years and was the Last Great King before the arrival of the Malla Dynasty.

He is also credited for a number of other activities such as the Protection of Nepal Mandal and providing a basic standard of Living to his Citizens.

Reign of Anandadeva

King Anandadeva was the Son of King Simhadeva. He became the King of Nepal for belonging to the royal lineage of King Simhadeva. He has been prescribed full Royal Titles with several other nicknames attached. His reign in Nepal was peaceful, prosperous, and tranquil in the context of Nepal.

Anandadeva has been spoken with importance and valor in the Chronicles of Nepal. The Gopal Raja Bansawali states that he was the protector of all the lands of Nepal and possessed the virtues of Shastra and Tantra.

Therefore, the Personality of Anandadeva was both courageous and Intellectual. He was a religious King as well. He constructed several temples with the images of Gods. He contributed to the Economic, Administrative, and Social Reforms during his reign.

After Anandadeva, Rudradeva Second ruled Nepal for a brief 8 years. He was the Brother of Anandadeva. Consequently, Amrtadeva, Somesvaradeva, and Vijayakamadeva became the King of Nepal till the rise of Ari Malla in 1200 A.D.

Contributions of Anandadeva

The Place of Anandadeva is cemented with the likes of Gunakamadeva, Jayastithi Malla, Manadeva, Amshuverma, and Sivadeva as the great Kings of Nepal.

Construction of the Tripura Palace

The Tripura Palace of Bhaktapur was constructed by King Anandadeva. It is said that the Palace was a complex architectural feat achieved through Hindu and Buddhist Culture. The Palace acted as the Primary seat of the Royal Residence of Nepal.

Infrastructure Improvements

During his 20-year reign, King Anandadeva made some changes to Nepal’s infrastructure. He installed a copper roof and enshrined two gods in the Deval at Shivaglasthan in Bhaktapur.

He also built the Tripura Sapta Ganthkoot and the Sundhara, which was constructed next to the “Rajkul.”

Written Documents

He also promoted Inscriptions and has 21 different Documents and Manuscripts in his name. These Documents can be discovered in Patan, Bhadgaon as well as Kathmandu. Therefore, he could have ruled over Nepal for two decades without any intervention or political opposition.

Just Governance and Adherence to Scriptures

King Anandadeva was also known for his just governance and adherence to the scriptures. He guaranteed that the Nepal Mandal was protected and provided relief to citizens.

The king also executed thieves who preyed on citizens. Further, he carried out the deeds of the greatest of spirits.

Access to Basic Standard of Living

King Anandadeva ensured that his citizens had access to a basic standard of living. He arranged the swift sales of homes and farms in Nepal from Mahamandalik, Mahapatra, and other influential figures to the sons and grandsons of the people.

Artistic Talents and Intellectual Abilities

King Anandadeva was not just a ruler, but he was also a man of many talents. He wrote the Sudhanpal Drama.

Gopal Raja Bansawali

Gopal Raja Bansawali on Anandadeva

King Anandadeva was installed as king on Nepal Samvat 267 (B.S. 1203), the auspicious day of Magh Krishna Pratipada on Monday.

Nepal was ruled by King Anandadeva for 20 years. He installed a copper roof and enshrined two gods in the Deval at Shivaglasthan in Bhaktapur. He built the Tripura Sapta Ganthkoot and the Tripura Palace of Bhaktapur. Sundhara was constructed next to the “Rajkul”.

Conclusion

King Anandadeva is one of the most significant figures of the Dark Ages of Nepal. He wrote 21 documents that drove Nepal away from the Dark Ages and provided a basic standard of Living to his Citizens.

Not only that, he constructed the Beautiful Tripura Palace of Bhaktapur.

Miscellaneous

References

  • Regmi, D. R. (1965). Medieval Nepal: Early medieval period, 750-1350 A.D. India: Firma K.L. Mukhopadhyay.
  • Shaha, R. (2001). Ancient and Medieval Nepal. India: Manohar.
  • Vajracharya, Dhanavajra, and Kamal P. Malla. “The Gopalraja Vamsavali” Nepal Research Centre Publications, 1985
  • Levi Sylvain: Le Nepal, Etuda Historique d’um royaume Izindou, 3 volumes, Paris, 1905
  • Kirkpatrick: An Account of the Kingdom of Nepaul, London, 1811.

Cite

Pokhrel, A. (2023). King Anandadeva – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/dark-ages-kings/anandadeva/

FAQ’s

Who was King Anandadeva?

King Anandadeva was the famous King of Nepal who ruled from 1147 A.D. to 1167 A.D. He was the son of King Simhadeva and the Last Great King before the arrival of the Malla Dynasty. He is famous for building the Tripura Palace in Bhaktapur and for his contributions to the economic, administrative, and social reforms during his reign.

What was King Anandadeva known for?

King Anandadeva was known for his just governance, adherence to the scriptures, and religiousness. According to the Chronicles, He constructed several temples with images of Gods, provided relief to citizens suffering from devastation, reduced their suffering, and ensured that they had access to a basic standard of living.

Who built the Tripura Palace?

The Tripura Palace was one of King Anandadeva’s most significant achievements, and it was constructed in Bhaktapur.

When did Anandadeva rule Nepal?

King Anandadeva, a famous King of Nepal, ruled it from 1147 A.D. to 1167 A.D. for a total of 20 years.