Introduction to Amali/Amaldar

Amali or Amaldar served as the Administrators of a Small Area as well as Judicial Administrators in the Central Court of Nepal in Gorkha as well as Unified Nepal.

These posts were prevalent in the Kotling or the Central Civil Court of Nepal. They were two in Number. They were also present in Taksar and Dhansar Tribunals with 2 Amaldars each.

In the Central Criminal Court or Itachapali, Four of them were presented. Therefore, in the Central Courts of Nepal, 10 of them were prevalent.

Later, Amalis were treated as Equivalent to a Military Chief.

Functions of Amali/Amaldar

District Administration

The Amaldars had been assigned to be the administrators of a small district or even an area depending on the Existing Population.

As the presence of Bichari or even the representatives of Dharmadhiakara wasn’t regular, they had to be habituated with Judicial Proceedings and deciding small-scale cases that were civil in Nature.

Coordinate with Bichari

When Bichari of a specific Region or Area was dealing with Court Cases, the Amali or Amaldars were expected to help him and the Representatives of Dharmadhikari in reaching a decision.

They had to coordinate with each other in the presence of Bahidar, Sardar, and other Government Employees.

Revenue Collection

Land Revenue was the major source of Income for Pre-Rana Nepal. The Collection of Revenues from Land Owners was regular and required a trustworthy position with reliable individuals.

Revenue Collection introduced major Problems and Cases throughout Nepal that couldn’t always be dealt with by the Central Courts. It required District Administrators to settle such disputes and Amaldars acted as Quasi-Judicial Tribunals in conducting their duties as per requirement.

Peace and Security

In Gorkha as well as Unified Nepal, Law Enforcement Agencies including Police Force were considered to be part of the Legal System. They weren’t distinct Entities but collaborated with the Military as well as Administration. Therefore, in the Districts, they worked under Amalis or Subbas.

Amalis had to guarantee peace and security and deal with cases related to its violence on a small scale in a specific area.


The Amaldars were Small District and Judicial Administrators of Gorkha and Post-Unification Nepal. the Duties of Amaldar are: small district administration, judicial proceedings, coordination with Bichari, revenue collection, and maintaining peace and security in the area.


Pokhrel, A. (2023). Amali/Amaldar – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History.