Introduction to Bahidar

Bahidar was an Administrative/Legal Position in Gorkha and Unified Nepal. They were Judicial Officers that were tasked with filing of cases. They dealt with the People and helped them to file Cases as per the requirements of the Court. Not only that, they acted as the Accountants of the Court as well.

Their Duties include: serving as the court’s unofficial accountant, helping senior judicial administrators, and helping citizens file complaints and register cases.

Functions of Bahidar

Documentation of Complaint

The First Function of Bahidar was to assist the complainee in the registration of Cases in the Court. As the Literacy Rate of the General Population was quite low during the Era, they couldn’t present Written Complaints themselves.

Therefore, literate and educated men with the ability to write had to help them with the Complaint. The Complaint itself was known as Nalis and was generally registered by Bahidar.

Before the delegation of such powers to this post, Lekhandas conducted the functions as such. However, they exploited the resources of the People and the Court.

The King, especially Prithvi Narayan Shah, lacked appropriate Trust in them and, therefore were delegated with other Responsibilities, and Bahidars were provided the Job of documenting Cases. They also had to instruct Kharidar to write those documents.

Accountant of the Court

The Bahidars acted as the Unofficial Accountants of the Judicial Tribunals of Nepal as well as Gorkha. The Tahasildar of the Court had to keep the account of all the Income of the Court and Bahidar had to keep the accounts of the inflow of such Money.

Assist Senior Judicial Administrators

The Post of Bahidar was more powerful than the Posts of Kotwals, Sipahis, Khardar, etc. However, it was still subordinate to the posts of Bichari, Dittha, Dharmadhikara and were subject to their command.

Therefore, it was the solemn duty of these individuals to assist these personnel in reaching the end of the cases. It must be understood that they were more administrative than Legal in their Functions.


Bahidar was an Administrative Position designated to the Judicial Functioning of Gorkha. The major duties of Bahidar are: assisting people with registering complaints, acting as court accountants, and assisting senior judicial administrators.


Pokhrel, A. (2023). Bahidar – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History.