Khajanchi

Introduction of Khajanchi

Khajanchi was an important Officer of the King who primarily dealt with the Finances of the Royal Palace of Nepal as well as the King. Not only that, he also headed the Department of Kausi Tosikhana which primarily dealt with the Finances and Treasury of Nepal.

Therefore, some have even compared this post to that of a finance minister or a Treasurer. Interestingly, Khajanchi in its English Meaning denotes a Cashier. The roles and functions of this post are communicated even by its Translation.

They weren’t concerned with Judicial Administration as well as Military Administration which other Prominent Positions such as Kaji, Sardar, Dharmadhikari, etc. were closely tied to. Their primary responsibility was fiscal in Nature.

Functions of Khajanchi

Head of Treasury

The Treasury of Unified Nepal was fundamental to the prosperity of Unified Nepal and required a clever and trusted Individual for the duty. They Needed to Safeguard the Treasury at all times, properly distribute the portions from Treasury and constantly monitor the incoming and outgoing Amounts of the Treasury.

Khajanchi, as a government official was equipped with the task of Heading the Treasury Department of Nepal.

The Treasury Department of Nepal was generally called Kausi Toshikhana and Khajanchi had the responsibility of heading this department.

Revenue Collection

During the Reign of Prithvi Narayan Shah, the Khajanchi was assigned for the collection of Revenues in a systematic method with records and documents.

As it was a sensitive task that could introduce corruption and Fraud, Rajpurohits, and Other Brahmins would generally be appointed to the Task. Brahmins were generally thought to be too Noble and Holy to sacrifice their loyalty for Money and other Material Goods.

Coordination with Kapardar

Kapardar was the Chief Officer of the Royal Palace of Nepal and was an important Official in the Whole of Nepal just below Kazi and Sardar. A relationship of Financial Accounting existed between the Kapardar and Khajanchi.

Generally, Kapardar would demand or suggest the latter do disburse some funds or generate Revenues faster to deal with the expenditure of the Royal Palace.

Not only that, Keeping records of the incoming revenue and the outgoing Expenses had to be carefully recorded and documented for transparency and Accountability purposes. In this Function as well, the Two Officials of the King coordinated with each other.

Conclusion

Khajanchi was the Finance Officer and the Auditor after the Unification of Nepal. The post of Khajanchi was comparable to that of a finance minister or treasurer. Its Role is directly translated to mean cashier.

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). Khajanchi – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/gorkha/khajanchi/