Ram Shah

Introduction to Prithvipati Shah

Prithvipati Shah was the eldest Son of King Rudra Shah and Queen Purnavati who ruled Gorkha from 1668 A.D. to 1715 A.D. for a massive forty-Seven Years.

He had the largest royal family in the History of the Gorkha Kingdom which made family conflicts obvious and difficult. He struggled with the Kingdom of Lamjung and regained his lost territories later.

Family of Prithvipati Shah

Prithvipati Shah had a large family consisting of six queens and a total of 12 sons and two daughters. His queens included Jagatravati, Saili Satyarupa, Kalangana, Harshavati, and Ilavati. King Prithvipati Shah was also the Great Grand-Father of Prithvi Narayan Shah and the Grand-Father of Narbhupal Shah.

His children included Virbhadra Shah and Ranashardul Shah, born to Queen Vilakshtavati, Dal Shah and Bhupendra Shah from Jagatravati, Udyot Shah and Chandrarup Shah from Satyarupa, and Sangram Shah, Narasimha Shah, and Surtan Shah from Kulangana.

Ilawati had three princes named Bir Kumar Shah, Ravikhan Shah, and Shantarup Shah, and two princesses named Bhaktikumari and Chakrarekha. However, Harshwati did not have any children.

Reign of Prithvipati Shah

Prithvipati Shah had the most extensive royal family among the Gorkha rulers. However, this made it challenging for him to manage his family’s behavior. The exact date of his accession to Gorkhadhipati is not entirely clear.

Some Historians have referred to 1668 A.D. as the date of his crowning although others have referred to 1676 A.D. as the beginning of Prithvipati Shah.

During his reign, Prithvipati Shah faced a severe conflict with the neighboring state of Lamjung. The King of Lamjung, Kehrinarayan Shah, formed an alliance with the four states of Chaubise Rajya against the Kingdom of Gorkha. Multiple neighboring states accepted Lamjung’s leadership and attacked the forts of Gorkha.

Although Lamjung stood firm for almost nine years, the Gorkhali forces eventually organized 11 joint forces and fought against Lamjung’s military forces until they captured the territories of Lilig, Lakai, Mikot, Dhuskot, Deurali, and others that rightfully belonged to them.

However, the Gorkhali forces faced difficulties in winning the war. After nine years of being unable to regain the territory under his control, Prithvipati Shah gathered all the men of the Gorkha state between the ages of 12 to 60 and invaded the Gorkha territory captured by Lamjung.

He marched across the Chepe River to the old border of Lamjung and drove away Lamjung’s forces. He further reclaimed the territory. The Conquest marked the change in Gorkha’s Expansionist Policy as Prithvipati Shah set priorities on such.

However, Ranashardul Shah’s suicide caused tension between Prithvipati Shah and Virbhadra Shah, who was blamed by the Gorkhali people for Ranashardul’s death.

The people greatly supported Ranashardul, which led to Virbhadra’s departure towards Bhaktapur. The Grandson of Prithvipati Malla was born in Tanahu at the near end of his reign whose name was Narbhupal Shah. He was declared the Crown Prince of Gorkha.

Conclusion

Prithvipati Shah was the Grandfather of Narbhupal Shah. He had a Stable reign that brough Political and Financial Stability in Gorkha. However, several scandals happened that raised severe issues in the Royal Family itself.

References

  • Subedi, Raja Ram, 2061, “Nepalko Tathya Itihas,” Sajha Prakashan
  • Acharya, Baburam. “Nepalko Sanchipta Britanta”, Pramodshumsher-Nirbikram Pyasi 2022 B.S.
  • Panta, Dineshraj. “Gorkhako Itihas Pahilo Bhag”, 2041 B.S.
  • Pradhan, Kumar. “The Gorkha Conquest” Oxford University Press, Kalkutta 1991
  • Stiller, L.F. “The Rise of House of Gorkha” Ratna Pustak Bhandar, 1975
  • Gyawali, Surya Bikram. “Nepalka Shahbanshi Rajaharu”. Government of Nepal, 2031 B.S.

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). King Prithvipati Shah – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/gorkha/prithvipati-shah/