Khas Malla Kings of Nepal

Introduction to Khas Malla Kings

Khas Malla Kingdom flourished in Western Nepal from 1150 A.D. to 1390 A.D. till the Fall of Abhaya Malla. During the Reign of these Khas Malla Kings, this kingdom expanded its borders to Garhwal Region in the West, Kathmandu Valley in the East, and Tibet in the North. So, it was massive in both resources and power.

Therefore, the Nepali Language, Buddhism, Arts, and other forms of Civilizational Development saw a big boost throughout the Kingdom. This boost was promoted by the Great Kings of the Reign including Jitari Malla, Ripu Malla, Krachalla, and much more. During the 240 Years of its Existence, more than 14 Kings ruled over the Khas Malla Kingdom.

List of Khas Malla Kings

King Nagaraja

King Nagaraja was the first ruler of the Khas Malla Kingdom. He established his reign in Sinja, Jumla, around 1150 AD. He expanded the kingdom by conquering Western Tibet and the Karnali Region of Western Nepal. Nagaraja originated from the Khari Region of Tibet.

He chose the Javeshwor Region as his capital and was assisted by the Challa family from Kashmir. However, the details of his life and reign are not well known.

King Krachalla

King Krachalla of the Challa Family ruled the Khas Malla Kingdom from 1206 A.D. to 1222 A.D. for 16 years. He expanded the territories of his Kingdom, established Dullu as the capital city, and claimed the title of ‘Parambhattarak Maharajdhiraj Parameshwara.’ He made Sinja the Capital City and center of Trade and Development of Western Nepal.

He also fought against Eight Feudal Kings who dominated the Javeshwor Region and Two other Raut Kings, bringing an all-encompassing Development to his Kingdom.

King Ashok Challa

Ashok Challa was a powerful king of the Khas Malla Kingdom who ruled from 1255 A.D. to 1277 A.D. He expanded the Border of Khas Malla Kingdom. He respected Buddhism and its followers along with Education. After his reign, his son Jitari Malla became the king of the Khas Malla Kingdom.

King Jitari Malla

Jitari Malla was a king of the Khas Malla Kingdom in Nepal from 1277 A.D. to 1298 A.D. He successfully attacked and defeated the Malla Kingdom of Nepal. He was known for maintaining the dignity of Gods and Goddesses and building pillars after his victory or visit. He attacked and defeated the Kathmandu Valley in Separate Occasions.

He didn’t attack or destroy the Nepalese Civilization. Because of his Fame throughout India, he is the most Iconic Khas Malla King of Nepal.

King Ripu Malla

King Ripu Malla was a ruler of the Khas Malla Kingdom from 1298 to 1312. He was a King known for his religious nature and visited holy places such as Kapilvastu, Lumbini, and the Kathmandu Valley. He was a peaceful and tolerant king with a deep faith in Buddhism despite being Hindu.

Ripu Malla led a pilgrimage to Kathmandu and donated to religious temples. He is also mentioned in Tibetan texts.

King Aditya Malla

Aditya Malla ruled the Khas Malla Kingdom from 1312 A.D. to 1327 A.D. He was a scholar, honest, and brave, with a special love for religion. Dharmashastras were enforced in Khas Malla Kingdom during his reign. He collected heavy taxes to strengthen the economic and administrative position of the Jumla state and expanded the eastern border to Nuwakot.

King Punya Malla

Punya Malla was a king who ruled the Khas Malla Kingdom from 1327 to 1337. He came from the Suryavanshi Pal family and belonged to the dynasty of King Nagaraja. He became king after marrying Aditya Malla’s daughter and taking over the throne. Punya Malla was a Religious King and built temples and monasteries in Khas Malla Kingdom. Punya Malla attacked the Kathmandu Valley six times. He also wrote a Golden Inscription.

King Prithvi Malla

Prithvi Malla ruled as the King of the Khas Malla Kingdom from 1337 A.D. to 1357 A.D. Khas Malla Kingdom extended from Kathmandu in the east to Tibet in the north. He was an ideal, fair, and religiously tolerant ruler.

Prithvi Malla has several Inscriptions in his name, as found in Dullu Kirtistambha, Battisgaon, etc. The Rise of Bummas and other Rebels gained development during the reign of Prithvi Malla.

King Surya Malla

Surya Malla became the King of Khas Malla Kingdom in 1366 A.D. after the death of his predecessor, Prithvi Malla. Surya Malla was a religious king known for his devotion to Jalpadevi and religious tolerance. He sent his son Abhay Malla to Dumrikot in Bajhang to maintain the Malla rule.

King Abhaya Malla

Abhaya Malla was the last king of the Khas Malla Kingdom, ruling from 1376 to 1390. He was trained to participate in administrative activities. However, the rise of the Bumma Family and the lack of an heir to the kingdom led to its downfall.

The Bumma overthrew Abhaya Malla and disintegrated the Khas Malla Kingdom to multiple Administrative Regions, weakening it.

Conclusion

After the Fall of Abhaya Malla, the Pal Dynasty, Bumma Dynasty, and other minor dynasties continued to exercise Power in Nepal. However, in the glory days of the Khas Malla Kingdom, its geographical dominance over Nepal and surrounding regions surpassed greatness.

References

  • Regmi, Dilli Raman. “Medieval Nepal” Four Volumes. Firma K, 1965-66
  • Adhikari, Suryamani. The Khas Kingdom. Nirala Publications, 1988
  • Subedi, Rajaram. “Karnali Pradeshko Madhyakalin Itihas”. Sajha Prakashan, 2054 B.S.
  • Petech, Luciano. Medieval History of Nepal Volume II. Rome, 1985
  • Vajracharya, Dhana Vajra. “Karnali Pradeshko Itihasik Ruprekha“. Bhim Prasad Shrestha, 2028 B.S.
  • Sangraula, Narayan Prasad, 2068, “Prachin tatha Madhyakalin Nepal,” Kankai Publishers and Distributors
  • Sangraula, Narayan Prasad, 2068, “Prachin tatha Madhyakalin Nepal,” Kankai Publishers and Distributors

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). Khas Malla Kings of Nepal – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/khas-kings/khas-malla-kings-of-nepal/