Introduction to Krachalla

King Krachalla of the Challa Family ruled the Khas Malla Kingdom from 1206 A.D. to 1222 A.D. for 16 years. He rapidly expanded the territories of the Khas Malla Kingdom.

He established Dullu as the capital city of Khas Malla Kingdom and claimed the famed title of ‘Parambhattarak Maharajdhiraj Parameshwara’.

He was a courageous King who was tolerant of all religions and made Sinja the center of all Trade in Western Nepal.

Reign of Krachalla

Krachalla

After the death of King Nagaraja, King Chapa, King Chapilla, King Kashichalla, and King Kadhichalla simultaneously ruled over the Khas Malla Kingdom.

Moreover, the particulars of the Life, Reign, and Socio-Economic Condition of Nagaraja and the Khas Malla Kingdom during his reign aren’t well documented.

Conquest of Krachalla

Under Krachalla‘s rule, the Khas kingdom expanded its boundaries from Kumaon to Doti in the west, Dullu, Dailekh, and Surkhet in the east, and the Terai region in the south.

The Khas caste was known for their warlike nature, making them stronger than other tribes such as the Kirats, Shakas, Guptas, and Chalukyas. The Khas army was renowned as the ‘Sarvagaminivahini’.

Victory Over Eight Kings

During his reign, he had to fight against eight feudal kings and two Raut kings who were under the control of Sinja. The Kings are: Sri Yahaddev, Sri Chandradev, Sri Vinayachandra, Sri Vidyachandra, Sri Jaisingh, Sri Jihaldev, Sri Valalladev, Sri Musadeva, Shri Hari Raut, and Aniladitya Raut.

The war was fought in Kartikeyapur, which was destroyed after the victory of Krachalla. He also provided a newer design to the temple of Baleshwor located in the region from an older design. He also arranged regular worship there. The king of Kartikepur accepted his defeat to the suzerainty of Krachalla.

Krachalla made Sinja the center of the Hat Bazaar and declared the Dullu area a great place by building trade routes of Tibet, Sinja, Dullu, Surkhet, Bardia, and India.

Inscriptions of Krachalla

According to the Dullustambh Inscription of Prithvi Malla, he established the capital of the Khas state at Dullu and expanded the borders of the state, and took the title of ‘Parambhattarak Maharajdhiraj Parameshwara’.

According to the Inscription of Baleshwor Temple of Kumaon, he conquered the Kumaon Garhwal kingdom. The Inscription further mentioned that King Kachalla, the ‘big worshiper of Buddha’, gave a donation after worshiping Vijaya Abhiyan Mahadev.

Contributions of King Krachalla

Sinja Valley

From the reign of Krachalla, the ‘Sinja‘ of Khasmandal was promoted as the capital of the Khas Malla Kingdom. The Khas Malla Kingdom became known throughout the regions of India.

Further, Khas Malla Kings were more clearly understood after the reign of Krachalla. He also maintained deeper Economic Contacts with Indian Kingdoms.

Trade Routes

Krachalla built the trade routes of Tibet, Sinja, Dullu, Surkhet, Bardia, and India, promoting the Dullu area as a great place for trade. He also made Sinja and Dullu huge Markets for conducting Financial Transactions.

Military Conquests

During the reign of King Krachalla, the Khas Malla Kingdom expanded its borders to Surkhet in Western Nepal. Moreover, other military Conquests were also successfully conducted.

Conclusion

Krachalla is one of the greatest Khas Malla Kings who brought prosperity to the Karnali Region. He also established Sinja as the Capital of his Kingdom.

References

  • Regmi, Dilli Raman. “Medieval Nepal” Four Volumes. Firma K, 1965-66
  • Adhikari, Suryamani. The Khas Kingdom. Nirala Publications, 1988
  • Subedi, Rajaram. “Karnali Pradeshko Madhyakalin Itihas”. Sajha Prakashan, 2054 B.S.
  • Petech, Luciano. Medieval History of Nepal Volume II. Rome, 1985
  • Vajracharya, Dhana Vajra. “Karnali Pradeshko Itihasik Ruprekha“. Bhim Prasad Shrestha, 2028 B.S.
  • Sangraula, Narayan Prasad, 2068, “Prachin tatha Madhyakalin Nepal,” Kankai Publishers and Distributors
  • Sangraula, Narayan Prasad, 2068, “Prachin tatha Madhyakalin Nepal,” Kankai Publishers and Distributors

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). King Krachalla – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/khas-kings/krachalla/