Introduction to Prithvi Malla

Prithvi Malla was the King of the Khas Malla Kingdom from 1337 A.D. to 1357 A.D. He was the son of Pal King Punya Malla and climbed to the throne because of the untimely demise of his brother Sri Malla.

During His Reign, Khas Malla Kingdom spanned Kathmandu in the East to Tibet in the North. He was a Fair and Religious King of the Empire who documented the History of the Khas Malla Kingdom.

Reign of Prithvi Malla

Prithvi Malla ascended the throne as the younger Son of Punya Malla in 1337 A.D. and ruled as the King of The Khas Malla Kingdom for 20 years. He had two wives namely Dharamshala and Deepmala.

The Reign of Prithvi Malla is known because of his multiple inscriptions found in Dullu Kirtistambha, Battisgaon, etc. He ruled the Khas Malla Kingdom in the yearly years with absolute Dedication. However, as time passed, he started to focus on religious activities rather than the State Administration.

During the Latter Years of His Reign, he had to run away from Sinja Valley to The Kuchi Region of Achham. The Place where he ruled has a small well as well. The Place is called Byar the present date.

As Prithvi Malla turned out to be an incompetent ruler, he was helped out by His Brothers as well as his Ministers to balance and maintain The Khas Malla Kingdom. Also, the Khari Region of Northern Tibet and Doti aimed to gain independence from the Khas Malla Kingdom.

Therefore, the Large Khas Malla Kingdom struggled to keep its historical unity and strength. This happened before 1350 A.D.

Size of Khas Malla Kingdom

The Khas Malla Kingdom reached its maximum size during the reign of Prithvi Malla. As stated in several Historical Documents, Khas Malla Kingdom had reached The Kathmandu Valley in the East, Surkhet in the South, Tibet in the North, and Garhwal in the West.

This Landmass was largely bigger than the size of both Tirhut Kingdom and Malla Kingdom of Kathmandu Valley.

Inscription of Prithvi Malla

An Inscription of Prithvi Malla was discovered in Battis Gaon, Kalikot in 1337 A.D. where it has been mentioned that the King was regularly assisted by his brothers for Administration.

The Most Famous Inscription of his reign is the Kirati Stambha Lekh of Dullu which was written in 1356 A.D. The Inscription has clarified the Complete History of the Khas Malla Kings. The Inscription has further established the History of the Karnali Region.


The Legacy of Prithvi Malla is somewhat controversial. Some Sources have mentioned that despite having Multiple Wives, he was childless. Thus, one of the relatives of Khas Malla named Surya Malla became the King of the Khas Malla Kingdom. Another Source explicitly states that Surya Malla was the actual son of Prithvi Malla.

He is treated with mixed reactions by Historians. Many have pointed towards him as the first strike towards the demise of Khas Malla Kingdom. The Empire had amassed large lands and wealth but was struggling to keep it integrated. The First Rebellion against the Khas Malla Kingdom ignited under the rule of Prithvi Malla.


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Pokhrel, A. (2023). King Prithvi Malla – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History.