Introduction of Ripu Malla

King Ripu Malla is amongst the most Religious Kings of the Khas Malla Kingdom who ruled it from 1298 A.D. to 1312 A.D. He was famously considered to be a Religious King with a particular inclination towards Buddhism.

Reign of Ripu Malla

The Life and details of the reign of King Ripu Malla aren’t much known. He wasn’t the direct successor of Jitari Malla but the nephew of Jitari Malla.

Thus, the rationale for making him the King of Khas Malla Kingdom is still questionable. King Ripu Malla was the son of Anand Malla, the brother of Jitari Malla

King Ripu Malla was the son of Anand Malla, the brother of Jitari Malla and hence, the nephew of Jitari Malla and a deeply religious man.

He visited several Sacred Temples of Nepal including Pashupatinath and Matsyendranath Swayambhunath. These temples of the Kathmandu Valley certainly contributed to other Religious Pilgrimages.

Pilgrimage of Ripu Malla

The Identity of Ripu Malla has been historically attached to Buddhism. A Tibetan Text named “Abhisamayalankara” mentioned that Ripu Malla was highly attached to Buddhist Practices.

He is said to have preferred peace and religion to Violence at any cost. He took a large army with him and decided to go on a pilgrimage to Kathmandu Valley. He also performed rites with donations at Pashupatinath Temple, Syambhunath Temple as well and Rato Machhindranath Temple.

After his visit to the Temples of Kathmandu Valley, he also traveled to Lumbini. It is understood that Lumbini fell under the Khas Malla Kingdom during the reign of Ripu Malla. He has engraved his name in the Ashoka Pillar of Lumbini alongside his son Sagram Malla.

Invasion

During the extensive travel of Ripu Malla to Kathmandu, he hadn’t attacked it. Consequently, He was established as a peace-loving King. Also, Historians have predicted that Kathmandu Malla Kings had to pay taxes and income to the Khas Malla Kingdom for their security and protection.

This Form of Taxation is known as “Samanti Kar”. It certainly proves the superiority of Khas Malla Kings.

Conclusion

King Ripu Malla is an Important Khas Malla King for establishing the Religious History of Karnali Region. However, the end of his reign gave rise to instability in the Kingdom.

References

  • Regmi, Dilli Raman. “Medieval Nepal” Four Volumes. Firma K, 1965-66
  • Adhikari, Suryamani. The Khas Kingdom. Nirala Publications, 1988
  • Subedi, Rajaram. “Karnali Pradeshko Madhyakalin Itihas”. Sajha Prakashan, 2054 B.S.
  • Petech, Luciano. Medieval History of Nepal Volume II. Rome, 1985
  • Vajracharya, Dhana Vajra. “Karnali Pradeshko Itihasik Ruprekha“. Bhim Prasad Shrestha, 2028 B.S.
  • Sangraula, Narayan Prasad, 2068, “Prachin tatha Madhyakalin Nepal,” Kankai Publishers and Distributors
  • Sangraula, Narayan Prasad, 2068, “Prachin tatha Madhyakalin Nepal,” Kankai Publishers and Distributors

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). King Ripu Malla – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/khas-kings/ripu-malla/