Introduction to Gram

Gram, which was the smallest administrative division in the history of Nepal, referred to a collection of families and houses in a close area. According to some arguments, it is the Sole Collection of Families and nothing else. It also consisted of a Chief Administrator. They were known as Pradhan or Mukhiya.

The responsibility of administering it was given to Panchalis. Depending on its size, the combination of these villages was known as Tala, and the combination of villages and Talas was known as Drang.

While in translation, a village or a Gaon was known as a Gram. It didn’t necessarily translate to mean a village. Even large towns were also called these units, as were other places of settlements. Therefore, Gram commonly referred to the settlements of the Kathmandu Valley.

It has been noted that a settlement with about 500 houses was considered a Gram. Additionally, the settlements near the Royal Palace of Kathmandu were also termed as it.

This system of administration based on villages was led by Gram. It was established to organize and govern people in a particular area. The Pradhan or Mukhiya of each Gram would be responsible for maintaining law and order. It also ensured that the needs of the people were met.

The Inscriptions of Amshuverma, Basantadeva, and Narendradeva have shed light on its nature in the Lichhavi Era.


Pokhrel, A. (2023). Gram – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History.