Introduction to Ligwal Tribunal

Ligwal Tribunal falls among the Four Important Administrative Tribunals of Ancient Nepal ( Kirat and Lichhavi Dynasty) including Sholla or Sulli, Kuther, and Mapchowk. It is also the least known about the Tribunal of Nepal. It has been mentioned in the Inscriptions of Naksal Chowk Inscription of King Amshuverma in 615 A.D.

The Functioning and Mechanisms with which Ligwal Tribunal operated haven’t been studied properly. Also, it has been rarely mentioned elsewhere and didn’t exist during the reign of the Malla Kings. Therefore, its overall working still remains unknown.

Functions of Ligwal Tribunal

Ligwal Tribunal is said to have dealt with development activities that directly connected it with the Public. Also, there were officers that had to act as the mode of mediation between the Government and the People. This Tribunal has only been mentioned once in the Inscriptions and hence the working mechanism of the Tribunal is still vague.

Ligwal Tribunal
Inscription of Ligwal Tribunal

Some of the development activities conducted by this Tribunal are as follows:

1. Irrigation Tunnels: Agriculture was the prime source of Income and Livelihood for the people of Ancient Nepal. Therefore, Irrigation Tunnels were instrumental in the daily lives of People. Villages would even fight each other for the right over such Tunnels.

2. Water Management: Water, similar to modernity, was deemed an important form of necessity for the people. Therefore, the management of Water and equitable distribution was looked after by the Ligwal Tribunal

3. Road Management: Roads used to connect Grams (Villages) with each other. Their roads were also important for business purposes. Therefore, this tribunal could have focused on developing and managing the Ancient Road System of Nepal.

4. Water Tap Construction: As discussed earlier, the Management of Water and the presence of water taps for the distribution of water was prioritized by the Ligwal Tribunal.


In conclusion, it is one of the lesser-known administrative tribunals of ancient Nepal, with limited information on its functioning and mechanisms. Despite being mentioned in the Naksal Chowk Inscription of King Amshuverma in 615 A.D., the overall idea of the Tribunal remains largely unknown.


Pokhrel, A. (2023). Ligwal – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History.