Purvadhikaran

Introduction to Purvadhikaran

Purvadhikaran was an administrative tribunal of the Lichhavi Dynasty located on the southern side of the Royal Palace in the Kathmandu Valley. While it was not widely known, it held an important position in the administration of the Lichhavi Dynasty.

Only prominent offices or locales were granted the title of Shree, which was conferred upon the tribunal in an inscription discovered at Naksal Narayanchaur.

Despite the scarcity of material about Purvadhikaran, it is obvious that it was important in the government of the Kathmandu Valley under the Lichhavi Dynasty.

In fact, another inscription found in Gyaneshwor refers to it as “Dakshinrajkulashya,” which means “that which is situated in the southern gate of the Royal Palace of Kathmandu.”

Purvadhikaran has been scarcely mentioned in the Lichhavi Inscriptions of Nepal. Therefore, the True and Practical Functions of this Tribunal is a matter of Discussion and Uncertainty.

Unlike (Kuther, Sulli, Ligwal, and Mapchowk), Paschimadhikaran, Purvadhikaran, and Bhattadhikaran were unique to the Lichhavi Dynasty.

Functions of Purvadhikaran

Purvadhikaran was an administrative tribunal of the Lichhavi Dynasty, located on the southern side of the Royal Palace in the Kathmandu Valley. However, its exact functions and jurisdiction are not clearly mentioned in the inscriptions or by trustworthy historians.

Some historians suggest that the tribunal was located in Nepal’s eastern region and dealt with the area’s legal and judicial administration. According to them, it dealt with the management of government personnel. Furthermore, they claim that it had strong contacts with the area’s Pratiharas and had certain privileges in Nepal for religious activities.

However, these Propositions aren’t backed up with Reliable and Concrete Statements to back them up. Purvadhikaran’s role has never been clearly stated, and its jurisdiction and importance are still unknown.

Furthermore, there is a misconception that Purvadhikaran was situated in the eastern region of Nepal and acted as a mediatory body between the region and the central administration. However, one inscription clearly mentions that Purvadhikaran was in the southern part of the Royal Palace in Kathmandu.

While the precise roles and workings of Purvadhikaran are unknown, it is certain that it was crucial in the administration of the Lichhavi Dynasty in the Kathmandu Valley.

Its location on the southern side of the Royal Palace and dealt with matters related to the Southern Gate.

Conclusion

Purvadhikaran was a Lichhavi Dynasty administrative tribunal located in the Southern Region of the Royal Palace. It was reserved for specialized Functions of the Southern Region of the Kathmandu Valley. However, its specific power structure and authority haven’t been specified in the Inscriptions or by Reliable Historians.

A Lack of Functional clarity of the Lichhavi Dynasty and the Kathmandu Valley during that time period, especially during the reign of Amshuverma and Narendradeva is evident.

The Inscriptions related to Purvadhikaran have been broken or destroyed, and only a handful of them have clarified it. Its functions are nowhere to be found and, therefore, need to be investigated with proper dedication and research.

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). Purvadhikaran – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/lichhavi-administration/purvadhikaran/