Gupta's of Nepal

Introduction to Vishnu Gupta

Vishnu Gupta was the Co-Ruler of Nepal from 633 A.D. to 642 A.D. He was the Son of Jisnu Gupta and grand-grandson of Bhaum Gupta.

He became the Co-Ruler of Nepal after the death of his Father Jisnu Gupta and announced his son Shreedhar Gupta to be the Crown Prince of Nepal. At the end of his reign, Narendradeva, the son of Udayadeva returned back and claimed his ancestral throne of Nepal.

Reign of Vishnu Gupta

Vishnu Gupta didn’t have to go through any struggle or difficulties to become the Co-Ruler of Nepal. His Father, Jisnu Gupta had already declared him the Crown Prince and taught him the necessary arts of Administration from a Young Age. Like his father, he didn’t claim the Posts of Sarvadandanayak or Mahapratihar but informally declared himself as the King.

In the Inscription of Yangalahati of King Bhimarjunadeva and Bishnu Gupta, the Latter has been provided with multiple qualities. He has stated himself to be a religious tolerant person with respect for Vaishnavism and Shaivism as well. It was him that build the famous Narayan Statue of Budhanilakantha.

Bhattarak (Gaddinshin) Maharaja Shri Bhimarjunadeva, who was the flag bearer of Lichchavikula, who was always happy to remove all the sufferings and obstacles from Mangriha (palace).

He, who worked with him, who was alive with the unspeakable good qualities that should be in a king, who removed all the darkness in the form of pure knowledge, Lord Pashupatinath Shri Vishnu Gupta, who received the grace of his feet, and who was a shraram in the Gath, showed the way to the future kings of Nepal from Bhikailaskoot Bhavan (Darbar) by honoring them properly.

Inscription of Yangalahiti
Inscription of Vishnu Gupta

After Nine Years of reigning as the Co Ruler of Nepal, Vishnu Gupta named his Father as an ancient King.

Fall of Vishnu Gupta

Between 640 A.D. to 643 A.D., instability started to increase in Nepal. Narendradeva either attacked Nepal from Tibet or even peacefully explained his claim in Nepal.

No matter what, 643 A.D. was the beginning of the new Era of Nepal as Narendradeva and his descendants removed Gupta Family from Power in Nepal. After 643 A.D., Narendradeva became the King of Nepal causing the fall of Vishnu Gupta.

Conclusion

Vishnu Gupta was a Co-Ruler of Nepal from 633 A.D. to 642 A.D. He became the ruler after the death of his father and was declared the Crown Prince of Nepal. He didn’t claim the Posts of Sarvadandanayak or Mahapratihar but informally declared himself as the King.

Vishnu Gupta was known for his religious tolerance and respect for both Vaishnavism and Shaivism. He built the famous Narayan Statue of Budhanilakantha. Towards the end of his reign, Narendradeva, the son of Udayadeva, returned and claimed his ancestral throne of Nepal.

References

  • Regmi, D. R. (1965). Medieval Nepal: Early medieval period, 750-1350 A.D. India: Firma K.L. Mukhopadhyay.
  • Shaha, R. (2001). Ancient and Medieval Nepal. India: Manohar.
  • Vajracharya, Dhanavajra, and Kamal P. Malla. “The Gopalraja Vamsavali” Nepal Research Centre Publications, 1985
  • Levi Sylvain: Le Nepal, Etuda Historique d’um royaume Izindou, 3 volumes, Paris, 1905
  • Kirkpatrick: An Account of the Kingdom of Nepaul, London, 1811.

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). Vishnu Gupta – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/lichhavi-figures/vishnu-gupta/