Introduction to King Jayadeva

King Jayadeva First is considered the First King of the Lichhavi Dynasty in Nepal. He ruled Nepal for 15 Generations before the reign of King Manadeva The First, who commenced the Written History of Nepal.

King Jayadeva First ruled Nepal between 200 A.D. according to Dilli Raman Regmi. He is regarded by The Stone Inscription of King Jayadeva II in 733 A.D. as the victorious King of Nepal.

He defeated the Kirat Dynasty and established Lichhavi Dynasty in Nepal according to some sources.

King Jayadeva First on The Stone Inscription of 733 A.D.
The Stone Inscription

The identity of King Jayadeva I is deeply filled with Uncertainty. While Dilli Raman Regmi claims him to be the “One True Original Lichhavi,” there is insufficient evidence to corroborate this claim.

None of his Inscriptions have been unearthed to date, and historians have ignored him from their writings except for a few sources.

The Written Proofs concerning him have been mentioned in The Stone Inscription of King Jayadeva II as well as Gopal Raja Bansawali.

Stone Inscription of King Jayadeva’s Second

The Stone Inscription of King Jayadeva II, dated 733 A.D., is the first source regarding King Jayadeva I.

The inscription avoided writing the names of the 23 Monarchs of the Lichhavi Dynasty and directly addressed him following King Supushpa. In this address, he is given the name “Victorious”. So, it can be assumed, if this Inscription is true, that Jayadeva was a courageous King.

Unfortunately, it is unknown what his specialty was and why he was so famous. It is speculated by Dhana Bajra Bajracharya that he defeated the Kirat Dynasty.

However, his Inscriptions haven’t been discovered to date and there is minimal evidence to support the claim that he was a valid King.

Historians, in general, have omitted from mentioning him or providing a concrete conclusion of his identity with the exception of a few.

Conquest of King Jayadeva

King Jayadeva I is supposed to have destroyed the Kirat Dynasty of Nepal and created the Lichhavi Dynasty in Nepal.

According to William Kirkpatrick, Nevesit was the First King of the Lichhavi Dynasty, which might be seen as a deteriorated version of King Jayadeva according to Regmi.

It is considered that it was he who strengthened the base of the Lichhavi Dynasty in Nepal.

He is granted the epithet ‘Victorious,’ which denotes something outstanding. It is assumed that King Jayadeva (the first) cemented the base of the Lichhavi Kingdom in Nepal.

Controversy

Also, despite omitting the Ten of Kings, he has been mentioned in multiple sources. They all reference him as being a brave man who was a conqueror as well as a victor. It is said that The Tales of his adventures and advent were known throughout.

Pandit Bhagwanlal Indraji has stated that he ruled Nepal from the 1st Century A.D., although this assertion is not substantiated by any evidence.

Dhana Bajra Bajracharya on King Jayadeva I

The 23 monarchs following Supushpadeva are not mentioned in this chronicle. And it is spoken with pride about the legendary king Jayadeva. Twelve kings are not mentioned again after this.

In this way, without mentioning many monarchs before and after, he is mentioned with respect. Hence there is a strong indicator that he had particular importance in the Lichhavi Dynasty. But what was his specialty; What is the cause for his popularity; It is not expressed freely here.

Yet here he is given the label ‘Victorious’. It seems that this adjective suggests something remarkable. It is assumed that he reinforced the basis of the Lichhavi Dynasty in Nepal. Jayadeva is 16 generations ahead of Mandeva.

Because of this, he is four hundred years ahead of Manadeva. Nothing can be claimed for definite concerning him as he is 400 years prior to the first History Writing King of Nepal.

Conclusion

In conclusion, he is a major character in the history of Nepal and is recognized as the First King of the Lichhavi Dynasty. Although his identity cannot be proven with certainty with the Present Evidence, his Existence must be deliberately thought upon.

References

  • Regmi, D. R. (1983). Inscriptions of Ancient Nepal. India: Abhinav Publications.
  • Vajracharya, Dhanavajra “Lichhavikalka Abhilekh” INAS, 1973
  • Vajracharya, Dhanavajra, and Kamal P. Malla. “The Gopalraja Vamsavali” Nepal Research Centre Publications, 1985
  • Regmi, Jagadish Chandra. “Pracin Nepalko Rajnitik Itihas” Royal Nepal Academy, 2035 B.S.
  • Poudel, Nayanath “Bhasa Vansavali Part I” Puratatva Prakashan Mala, 2020 B.S.

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). King Jayadeva First – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/lichhavi-kings/jayadeva-first/