Chautara

Introduction to Chautara

Chautara was a powerful Minister that exercised enormous Power. They conducted the affairs of the State in the name of the King.

If the case of the Infancy of King, they became De-Facto Rulers. They were the Chief Executive Officers that suggested to the King and carried out the Orders of the King.

Chautara was provided Absolute Authority and had no Limitation upon his Jurisdiction unless set by the King himself. For Instance, they could act as the Commander-In-Chief in the Times of Necessity.

Therefore, he could have handled Civil Administration as well as Military Administration.

Functions of Chautara

Execution of Orders

The King couldn’t handle all his affairs by himself. He required a trusted assistant that could effectively make sure that the affairs were handled in the Name of the King. The Individual that was provided this Duty was Chautara. Being Men of Enormous Power, they were recognized by the Public and easily executed the Orders given to them by the King.

Representation of King

In the Lichhavi Dynasty, Sarvadandanayak and Mahapratihar represented the King. These Posts disappeared during the Malla Dynasty. De-Facto Rulers represented the Kings. However, after the Division of Nepal in 1482 A.D., Chautara appeared as the Post that would represent the King.

Policy Making

Any Government requires a polished policy to run its administration. It may include financial policies, legal policies, and administrative policies. The King and the Chautara thought these out. Other Government Officers also could suggest these Policies. However, these Two Individuals finalized them.

Overall Administration of a State

As Chautata was Equivalent to the Post of Prime Minister or Chief Executive Officer (Similar to Mahath), they had the Duty to handle the Overall Administration of the State.

Some Important Chautara’s

Chikuti was one of the Strongest Chautara of the Kingdom of Kathmandu Valley. He enjoyed the De-Facto Power because of the infancy of the King and was supported by his Queen Mother.

Laxminarayan Josi was another Power Chief Executive Officer who controlled the Kingdom of Kathmandu after the death of Pratap Malla.

Bhagirama Pradhananga was another Powerful Chautara of the Malla Dynasty.

Bhagirath Bhaiya was another one of the Chief Executive Officers of Patan who was extremely liked by the People and King Srinivas Malla. However, he was tragically assassinated because of the hatred of his Enemies and Crown Prince Yoganarendra Malla.

Another Chautara of the Malla Dynasty was Bhotya Bha. He was also the Chief Executive and Military Officer and attacked Kathmandu once.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Chautara was a powerful and trusted assistant to the King. They had enormous Authority in Late Medieval Nepal during the Malla Dynasty. Their Post is like that of a Prime Minister with the responsibility of the Overall Administration of the State.

Citation

Pokhrel, A. (2023). Chautara – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/malla-administration/chautara/