Introduction to Rabutta

Rabutta meant a governor of a certain area during the Early Medieval Period that the King had officially appointed for the effective Governance of that Area.

They weren’t independent Lords that had absolute control over the Area in any case. However, they were allowed to pass their Positions to their Children and this established Feudal Lordship over the area.

They also called themselves Maharabuttas and Bhupati which means the Lords of the Earth. It seems that it was the King who appointed the Individuals to the Posts.

In one of the Inscriptions, one of the Bastard sons of King Jayasimha Malla has been named in the Post. They were prevalent in the Pharping Region during the reign of Jayastithi Malla as well.

Duties of Rabutta


The Governance of Local Areas was instrumental during the Malla Dynasty. They were constant uprisings that could cause the common people to be frustrated as well. Therefore, Proper Administration could help the Center to form a cohesive whole.

This was done through them in some regions. They were provided privileges such as Feudal Lordship that incentivized them.

Obey The Command of the King

Although the Rabuttas were Feudal Lords for life, they didn’t always have the freedom they desired. They had to act as the special representative of the King and consequently obey the commands given by the King.


Rabuttas were appointed governors during the Early Medieval Period to govern specific areas effectively in Nepal. They weren’t Independent Lords but they could pass their position to their Children.

They were also known as Maharabuttas or Bhupati, meaning lords of the earth. Their duties included governance and obeying the commands of the king. They were prevalent in the Pharping Region during the reign of Jayastithi Malla.


Pokhrel, A. (2023). Rabutta – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/malla-administration/rabutta/