Kings of Patan

Introduction to Yoganarendra Malla

Yoganarendra Malla was the King of Patan from 1685 to 1705. He became king at 18 and got rid of his father’s (Srinivas Malla) advisor, Bhagiratha Bhaiya. He was falsely accused of a crime. He then appointed his mistress’s brother as Chief Minister.

He frequently engaged in political conflicts between Kathmandu and Bhadgaun. Yoganarendra Malla participated in raids against both cities. He was known for his love of poetry, music, and loose sexual morals.

He died at 38 without a legitimate male heir. His death resulted in the instability and the fall of the Malla Kings in Patan.

Reign of Yoganarendra Malla

Rise to Power

Yoganarendra Malla was born to the Royal Family of the Kingdom of Patan in 1667 A.D. as the son of King Srinivas Malla. He was also the Grandson of Siddhi Narsingh Malla.

Like his father, Yoganarendra Malla was introduced to the administration at an early age. Srinivas Malla had also participated in the administration of Siddhi Narsingh Malla.

However, he was impatient and involved in various scandals and infamous activities. He began to spend money independently and extravagantly.

Not only that, he started quarrels and conflicts between the Royal Ministers of Patan. He hated the Chief Minister of Patan, Bhagirath Bhaiya.

In his Teens, Yoganarendra Malla was caught in a scandalous Love Affair with a woman of a lower caste which was considered Taboo for the Period. He also associated himself with men of lower origins and did business with them.

It is said that Srinivas Malla was so depressed by the activities of his son that he crowned him King on 1685 A.D. December at the Age of 18 years.

Character

Yoganarendra Malla loved poetry and music and assumed high-sounding titles such as ‘Proficient in All Branches of Learning’, and ‘Well-versed in Dance, Art, and Music’, similar to Pratap Malla.

Consolidation of Power

Yoganarendra Malla was only eighteen when he became king. His First Act was to get rid of Bhagiratha Bhaiya. He announced a great charge against Bhagiratha Bhaiya. It turned the populace against him and forced him to resign. Shortly after, Bhagiratha Bhaiya was murdered.

Yoganarendra Malla then appointed Vamsidhara, a brother of his favorite mistress and a member of one of the seven families that had long controlled Patan, as his Chief Minister.

Inscription of Yoganarendra Malla
Inscription of Yoganarendra Malla

He also partook in the Politics between Kathmandu and Bhadgaon. Patan temporarily sided with Kathmandu against Bhadgaun. In 1689 A.D. Patan changed sides and joined Bhadgaun in attacking Kathmandu.

However, in 1690 A.D. Patan waged a war of its own against both Bhadgaun and Kathmandu. It irritated both Kathmandu and Bhadgaon.

Military Campaigns

In 1692 A.D., King Yoganarendra Malla raided Makwanpur in collusion with Kathmandu and Bhadgaun. This alliance did not last long as Bhadgaun and Kathmandu soon forged an alliance against Patan in 1696.

Then, when the King of Kathmandu was away on an elephant-catching expedition in the Terai, Patan won over Bhadgaun to its side and went into action against Kathmandu.

In 1697 A.D., the rulers of the three kingdoms of the Valley, Yoganarendra Malla of Patan, Bhupalendra Malla of Kathmandu, and Bhupatindra Malla of Bhadgaun had made a joint proclamation banning every kind of contact with the members of the Ojha family.

They blamed the events that unfolded in the Valley on the Ojha Family and tried to escape from their controversial decisions.

Conclusion

The Reign of Yoganarendra Malla signalled the fall of Malla Dynasty in the Kingdom of Patan. He participated in Administration of Patan at a young age and became its king after the retirement of his Father.

Miscellaneous

References

  • Regmi, Dilli Raman. “Medieval Nepal” Four Volumes. Firma K, 1965-66
  • Shaha, R. (2001). Ancient and Medieval Nepal. India: Manohar.
  • Slusser, Mary S Nepal Mandala, “A Cultural Study of the Kathmandu Valley Two Volumes” Princeton University Press, 1982 C.E.
  • Levi Sylvain: Le Nepal, Etuda Historique d’um royaume Izindou, 3 volumes, Paris, 1905
  • Subedi, Raja Ram, 2061, “Nepalko Tathya Itihas,” Sajha Prakashan
  • Sangraula, Narayan Prasad, 2068, “Prachin tatha Madhyakalin Nepal,” Kankai Publishers and Distributors
  • Petech, Luciano. Medieval History of Nepal Volume II. Rome, 1985

Cite

Pokhrel, A. (2023). King Yoganarendra Malla – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/patan/yoganarendra-malla/

FAQ’s

Who was Yoganarendra Malla?

Yoganarendra Malla was the King of Patan from 1685 to 1705, born to the Royal Family of the Kingdom of Patan in 1667 A.D. as the son of King Srinivas Malla.

What was Yoganarendra Malla famous?

Yoganarendra Malla was known for his love of poetry, music, and the arts. He assumed high-sounding titles such as ‘Proficient in All Branches of Learning’, and ‘Well-versed in Dance, Art, and Music’, similar to Pratap Malla. He also boasted of his skill in various fields of arts and was known for his patronage of artists and scholars.

What were some of Yoganarendra Malla’s military campaigns?

Yoganarendra Malla participated in raids against both Kathmandu and Bhadgaun and raided Makwanpur in collusion with Kathmandu and Bhadgaun in 1692 A.D. Patan temporarily sided with Kathmandu against Bhadgaun, but later waged a war against both Bhadgaun and Kathmandu in 1690 A.D.

What was the legacy of Yoganarendra Malla?

Despite his reputation for intrigues and military campaigns, Yoganarendra Malla was known for his patronage of artists and scholars. However, his death at the age of 38 without a legitimate male heir resulted in instability and the fall of the Malla Kings in Patan.