Introduction to Bhumi Gupta

Bhumi Gupta was the First King of Gopal Dynasty according to the Gopal Raja Bansawali. The Text mentions that he ruled Nepal for 86 years. He was succeded by his son Jaya Gupta.

Bansawali referred to by Daniel Wright has mentioned Bhuktaman as the First King of Gopal Dynasty. It has stated that he reigned for 88 years. Pashupatinath was also discovered during the reign of Bhuktaman.

The Geneology referred to by Kirkpatrick mentioned Bhoorimahagah as the Successor of the First King of the Gopal Dynasty. Apparently, Bhoorimahagah ruled Nepal for 48 years and 3 Months.

gopal-dynasty-plate-gopal raja bansawali
Original Text of Gopal Raja Bansawali containing the Kings of Gopal Dynasty

Reign of Bhumi Gupta

Gopal Raja Bansawali

Gopal Raja Bansawali mentions that the Gopal Dynasty arrived in Nepal from Malakha. One of their Cows named Brahuri regularly travelled to the bank of River Bagmati. The Cow worshipped at a hole where she devoted her milk.

The Cow belonged to the Cow-Herders named Nepa. One of the cow herders observed the spot where the cow worshipped. The Cowherder dug the spot and discovered Pashupati Bhattaraka.

Upon the Incident, Bhumi Gupta, the cow herder, was crowned the King and he ruled for 86 years.

Bhasa Bansawali

The Bhasa Bansawali provides further description of the Reign of King Bhumi Gupta. It has been mentioned that the King was advised by the Ne Muni, a chronicled sage. The King ruled Nepal with ethical policies and Morals. He also conducted sacrifices for Pashupatinath.

The Bansawali further mentions that the King devoted himself to the Gods and Goddesses, fulfilled his duties to the Citizens, and reigned over Nepal with eternal bliss for 84 whole years.


Bhumi Gupta has been mentioned in the 14th Century Chronology named Gopal Raja Bansawali as the First King of Gopal Dynasty, possibly because of the emergence of Pashupatinath. The Cow Herder is said to have belonged to the Group Nepa.

Note: The Prehistory of Nepal up to the Kirat Dynasty lacks sufficient evidence to guarantee its historical accuracy. The article has been written through the consolidation of Chronologies with minimum interpretation to preserve its Historiographical Accuracy. In the case of Further Evidence coming into Light, it needs to be posited that the materials of the Article have been solely inspired by the Chronologies themselves.