Introduction to Gumnan

King Gumnan, one of the 32 Kirat Kings according to the Gopal Raja Bansawali, reigned over Nepal for 74 years. He was the successor of King Sasaru and was succeeded by King Khimbum as maintained in the Bansawali.

King Gumnan has been mentioned throughout the Primary Genealogies of Nepal including the Geneology of William Kirkpatrick, the Geneology of Daniel Wright, and the Bhasa Bansawali.

However, the chronology of his Kingship has differed in accordance with the various Genealogies.

Bhasa Bansawali

Bhasa Bansawali has referred to the Third Last King of the Kirat Dynasty as Gunaja which potentially means Gumnan. The text mentioned that he ruled Nepal for Seventy-Four Years.

As the reigning Period resembles that of Gopal Raja Bansawali, Gunaja can be considered to have been Gumnan. According to the Bansawali, he is the Father of King Khichu, potentially meaning Khimbum.

Genealogy of Kirkpatrick

The Geneology of William Kirkpatrick has also referred to Gontho as the Third Last King of the Kirat Dynasty. He has attributed a reigning Period of 74 years to this King of the Kirat Dynasty.

Genealogy of Daniel Wright

Daniel Wright has mentioned Gunan (Gumnan) as the 26th King of the Kirat Dynasty. He is said to have been the son of Sansa and the Father to Khimbu.


Note: The Prehistory of Nepal up to the Kirat Dynasty lacks sufficient evidence to ensure its reliability. The article has been written through the consolidation of Chronologies with minimum interpretation to preserve its Historiographical Accuracy. In the case of Further Evidence coming into Light, it needs to be posited that the Chronologies themselves have solely inspired the materials of the Article.