Introduction to Phukom

Phukom, also known as Sthunko or Thunko, was the 16th Kirat King to rule over Nepal as stated in Gopal Raja Bansawali.

He has been attributed the Regnal Years of 58. He was succeeded by King Simghu and he was the successor of King Svananda.

Phukom has been disclosed in the Gopal Raja Bansawali and the rest of the Genealogies haven’t mentioned him directly despite discoursing on Svananda.

However, all of the Genealogies have named a King Thunko. The King ruled over Nepal for 58 which resembles the Regnal Years of the Gopal Raja Bansawali.

Bhasa Bansawali

Bhasa Bansawali has listed Thuko (Phukom) as the Son of King Svananda and consequently the King of Nepal. He is attributed a total reigning period of 58 years.

Genealogy of Kirkpatrick

Kirkpatrick’s Geneology also fails to allude to Phukom directly in the text. The Successor of Svananda (Soonund) is disclosed to be Thoomoo (Thunko).

Genealogy of Daniel Wright

Daniel Wright has also maintained that Swananda was the 13th King of Nepal and Sthunko was the 14th King of Nepal.

Genealogy has mentioned that during the reign of Sthunko, Ashoka, the King of Patali Putra and the Gupta Empire of India came on a pilgrimage to Nepal accompanied by his Family. According to the Text, he visited every holy place and bathed in every sacred water, built several chaityas.

Further, his daughter, Charumati, is said to have been determined to stay in Nepal because of the miraculous presence of God in Nepal. Therefore, Ashoka married him to an Individual named Devapala and provided him with 3600 Ropanis of Land and everything else required.

The Text further states that he returned to his own country while Charumati and Devapala founded the city named Deva Patan.

They also resolved to build a Buddhist Chaitya and Charumati died in the Bihar she built. It is located in modern-day Chabahil.


Note: The Prehistory of Nepal up to the Kirat Dynasty lacks sufficient evidence to ensure its reliability. The article has been written through the consolidation of Chronologies with minimum interpretation to preserve its Historiographical Accuracy. In the case of Further Evidence coming into Light, it needs to be posited that the Chronologies themselves have solely inspired the materials of the Article.