Kumari Chowk Adda

Introduction of Kumari Chowk Adda

Kumari Chowk, established in 1828 B.S., was an important Office of Fiscal Administration of Nepal that conducted the Fiscal Review and Details of Income and Expenditure. They could regulate other Offices and see if any Fiscal Irregularities occurred within the Rana Regime.

The Kumari Chowk was extremely powerful in terms of its jurisdiction. They could report the forms of Irregularity in the financial state of any office or Tribunal. This report would be sent to the Prime Minister. He could remove him from Office if the Prime Minister was suspicious of the Individual.

This Institution was established under the Mukhtiyar which was an important and powerful Position even during the Rana Regime. Generally, Commander In Chief also had high authority over this Administrative Office.

Therefore, the members of the Central Administration like the Prime Minister, General, and Commander In Chief were the primary leaders of this office.

Functions and Duties of Kumari Chowk

Financial Discipline

The Kumari Chowk Adda had to conduct audit and maintain the Fiscal Transparency and Discipline of the Offices and Authorities under its Power and Jurisdiction. The Chiefs of Government Officers had to submit their Yearly Accounts.

Kumari Chowk had to study the details of income and expenditure from various stations and submit a report to the Mukhtiyar as well as the Commander In Chief.. It was established to prevent the mismanagement of Funds by Government Officials.

During the Rana period, all work was centralized through the Prime Minister, Mukhtiyar, and Talkuwala. It had no right to dismiss the decision regarding expenses made by these higher authorities.

Therefore, all the chiefs had to seek approval from the Prime Minister and Mukhtiyar before making any decisions. This centralized administration guaranteed that all work was carried out according to the rules and regulations set by the higher authorities.

Management of Government Officials

Kumari Chowk was responsible for managing personnel in the various stations under its jurisdiction. The headman of every base had to receive his income and expenditure from Kumari Chowk.

Fiscal Arrangements

In 1923 AD, Chandra Shumsher issued the Kumari Chowk New Arrangement Question to improve the management of Kumari Chowk. Khadga Nissan passed the test as it examined the income and expenditure of all government offices across the dominion of Nepal.

Several Mechanisms were installed in the Kumari Chowk Adda in order to deal with irregularities swiftly while improving the overall Management. Therefore, the Prime Minister and other Rana Officials could punish the wrongdoer.

Not only that, but they were also the official auditors of the Office of the Auditor of the Age. It encouraged accountability among the Government Officials working in their respective Offices. Also, it made sure that corruption and other Economic challenges would be easily met in The Rana Regime.


Kumari Chowk Adda was an Administrative cum Financial Office during the Rana Regime that conducted Yearly Audits for Fiscal Transparency. It was continuously improved during the Rana Regime. Chandra Shumsher also introduced a new arrangement for managing Kumari Chowk in 1923 A.D.


Pokhrel, A. (2023). Kumari Chowk Adda – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History. https://itihasaa.com/ranas/kumari-chowk-adda/


When was Kumari Chowk Adda established in Nepal?

Kumari Chowk Adda, the chief Finance Auditing Office of Nepal during the Rana Regime was established in 1828 B.S. Baisakh during the reign of Prithvi Narayan Shah.

What is Kumari Chowk Adda?

Kumari Chowk, established in 1828 B.S., was an important Office of Fiscal Administration of Nepal that conducted the Fiscal Review and Details of Income and Expenditure.

Which Office saw the Final Audit of Government?

Kumari Chowk Adda was the primary Auditing Office that conducted the Final Audit of Nepal during the Rana Regime.