Munsi Khana

Introduction of Munsi Khana

Munsi Khana was the Official Foreign Ministry of Nepal established by Prithvi Narayan Shah. It included various diplomats, including Lawyers, Mirmunsi, and even the Commander In Chief. This Office was instrumental in managing Foreign Relations and Trade with Lhasa, Tibet, as well as India specially the Britishers.

Not only that, they looked after the special missionaries and other Trade envoys that came into Nepal for economic and religious purposes with Passport Issuance, Border Dispute Resolution, etc.

Functions of Munsi Khana

Foreign Visit Issuance and Management

Munsikaha had to regulate and plan the foreign visits and tours of Nepali citizens who travelled abroad. They had to issue and renew the pass of Foreign Visits, collect necessary documents in order, and maintain an accurate record of the Travel of Citizens.

Additionally, Munsikhana spoke with foreign consulates and embassies to expedite the issuance of visas for Nepali nationals. It had to issue passports for international arrivals in Nepal, especially from Christian Missionaries and other Research Officials.

Border Dispute Resolution

Inter-Citizens Border Dispute, when happened, had to be diplomatically resolved by Munsikhana.

Unfortunately, the Border of Nepal with India and Tibet wasn’t officially drawn in Nepal. There were many places that both countries claimed. Some of the disputes had previously culminated in the Anglo-Nepal War.

Later, they managed to have homogeneity in the Anglo-Nepal Border and any disputes that happened within the Borders were handled by the officials and representatives of Munsi Khana.

Implementation of Rana’s Policy

Munsikhana was the Official Representative of the appeasement Policy of the Rana Regime. It was engaged in preserving ties with foreign consulates and embassies, trading presents and cultural items, and setting up lodging for foreign dignitaries who came to Nepal.

Nepal invited various dignitaries within its boundaries, including King George of Great Britain. Therefore, Munsikhana had to handle these responsibilities with full efficiency.

Necessary Correspondence Abroad

Munsikhana was essential in overseeing Nepal’s communication with international authorities and institutions. It had to interpret and send official letters from the Government and Nepali Nationals and keep detailed records.

Simply, they had to handle the required communication and correspondence of Nepal.

To present the interests and security of Nepal, Lawyers or Wakils were present throughout Foreign cities, including Patna, Lhasa etc.


Munsi Khana was the Primary Office designated for the continuation and regulation of Foreign Relations and matters such as Passport Issuance in Nepal.

Its Primary Duties are: issuing passports, managing border disputes, implementing foreign policies, and managing correspondence with foreign governments and organizations.


Pokhrel, A. (2023). Munsi Khana – Itihasaa. Encyclopedia of Nepali History.